Finca El Pilar

This private area protects habitat ranging from 1600 to 2400 m (5250 to 7870 ft) elevation, including dry forest in the lower section, and pine-oak and cloud forest at higher elevations. The preserve is part of the Antigua Guatemala Important Bird Area (IBA GT016), designated by BirdLife International. Finca El Pilar offers several options to access the habitat.

View from Finca El Pilar to Ciudad Vieja
View from Finca El Pilar to Ciudad Vieja on the base of Fuego volcano.

Nature trail from 1600 to 1900 m (5250 to 6230 ft) elevation: A well-made foot path of about 1.5 km length has been constructed recently, making accessible a narrow valley with shade coffee plantation, humid broadleaf forest and dry forest. Total walking effort is about 3 km using the dirt road for the way back. The trail has several steep stairways with handrails. You can start birding from the parking lot, walk by the pools and go straight to the coffee plantation after the small houses, from where the trail is well marked.

From the beginning of the trail there are good views on the canopy of the northern slope of the valley, where flocks of Bushy-crested Jays can be often seen. Many canopy birds can be found, like Rose-throated Becard, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Emerald Toucanet, and with some good luck Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo and Bar-winged Oriole, which often moves quietly in pairs through the canopy. Several woodpeckers can be seen, like Golden-fronted, Golden-olive, and Hairy Woodpecker. During northern winter Baltimore Oriole, Tennessee, Black-throated Green and Townsend's Warblers are common. In the scrubby undergrowth live White-eared and Prevost's Ground-Sparrows, White-naped (Yellow-throated) Brushfinch, Ruddy Foliage-gleaner, Rufous-capped Warbler, and White-tipped Dove.

Hummingbird feeders are located at the lower entrance to the trail. This is a good spot to see Rufous Sabrewing, which is endemic to the Pacific slope mountains of Chiapas, Guatemala, and El Salvador. Also the regional endemic Green-throated Mountain-gem is seen frequently, and also Magnificent, White-eared, Azure-crowned, Berylline, and Blue-tailed Hummingbird, as well as Violet Sabrewing and Green Violet-ear use the feeders.

The forest harbors a typical highland bird community with Slate-throated Redstart, Golden-browed Warbler, Gray-breasted Wood-Wren, and White-faced Quail-Dove. With some good luck it is possible to see Highland Guans. Forest birding can be challenging and there might be very quite days without much movement.

Taking the dirt road for walking back downhill gives a good chance to see Greater Pewee, Gray Silky-flycatcher, and Black-capped Swallows, which nest and roost in caves in the road bank. In winter it is usual to see several Hammond's Flycatchers.

Dirt road from 1600 to 2000 m (5250 to 6560 ft): The dirt road leading through dry and mixed forest has a total length about 4.5 km. At good days the road  can be quite birdy with Black-capped Swallows, Blue-throated Motmot, Tufted Flycatcher, Flame-colored Tanager, Hooded Grosbeak, White-eared Ground-Sparrow, and other highland birds. The Singing Quail is often heard and, with some good luck, it may be seen. Around the car parking at 2000 m elevation there is open area which allows impressive views to the volcanoes Agua, Acatenango, and Fuego on clear days. Rufous-collared Thrush, Tropical Mockingbird, Rufous-collared Sparrow, and Eastern Bluebird are often around this spot.

High-elevation trail: The forest between 2000 and 2400 m (6560 to 7870 ft) changes gradually from mixed pine-oak-cypress forest to cloud forest. Three species of woodcreepers can be expected, Spot-crowned and Spotted Woodcreepers are common, and Strong-billed Woodcreeper has been reported several times. Two species of trogons, Collared and Mountain Trogon, occur. Mixed flocks of Townsend's, Wilson's, Black-and-White, and Crescent-chested, Red-faced Warbler, Slate-throated Redstart, Blue-headed and Hutton's Vireo, and others roam through the forest during the northern winter.

The cloud forest harbors a bird community dominated by Common Bush-Tanager, Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush, Paltry Tyrannulet, Golden-browed Warbler, Chestnut-capped and White-naped (Yellow-throated) Brushfinch, and Yellowish Flycatcher. Other typical highland birds we found included Black and Mountain Thrush, Elegant Euphonia, Amethyst-throated Hummingbird, Brown-capped Vireo, Rufous-browed Wren, and Mountain Elaenia.

How to get there: Finca El Pilar is located 2 km southeast of the central park of Antigua Guatemala, and can be reached in a 10-min drive. It opens the 365 days of the year from 7:00 AM to 5:00 PM. No booking is required if you are birding on your own. You may get in touch with Finca El Pilar by phone (502) 7832 4937 or by e-mail:


Accommodation in Antigua Guatemala: Antigua Guatemala offers a variety of hotels. Get in touch for advice on birder-friendly hotels in town. Please fill this reservation form and we will send you information on rates and space availability as soon as possible.

Day tour: One of our guides could take you on a birding tour around Antigua Guatemala, including El Pilar. Booking in advance is required. Request more information.

When is the best time for a visit to Finca El Pilar? Any time of year.

How do you support conservation and development in Finca El Pilar? El Pilar is a private area. It provides water supply to several communities close to Antigua Guatemala. By birding there you support the owner's efforts to protect the forest and watershed. Finca El Pilar is part of the Antigua Guatemala Important Bird Area (IBA GT016).

Rufous Sabrewing
Rufous Sabrewing

News from Finca El Pilar

Emerald Toucanet
Emerald Toucanet.
Violet Sabrewing
Male Violet Sabrewing.
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