VSO Guatemala 2008

Tour leaders: Knut Eisermann and Claudia Avendaño

Große VSO-Reise 2008 Guatemala
In the cloud forest of the Chelemha Reserve, 6 May 2008.

Noteworthy Observations

This 17-day birding tour of the Saxon Ornithologist's Association led through three major regions of Guatemala: the Pacific and Atlantic lowlands and the highlands. A total of 25 species live in the North Central American Pacific Slope (Endemic Bird Area-EBA017) and in the North Central American Highland (EBA018). Of these species, 17 were seen during this tour. Noteworthy were observation of three species which occur exclusively in isolated areas in the highland of Guatemala and Chiapas, the southernmost Mexican state. We saw Horned Guan (Oreophasis derbianus) in the cloud forest of Atitlan Volcano at an elevation of 2600 m.

Horned Guan
Horned Guan Oreophasis derbianus, 28 April 2008.

The Azure-rumped Tanager (Tangara cabanisi) lives at the elevation between 1000 and 1700 m, exclusively in the Pacific slope mountains. Large areas of humid broadleaf forests in this zone have been converted to coffee plantations about 200 years ago, causing much habitat loss for the tanager. Today, Azure-rumped tanagers occurs locally, and we saw several adults in the Los Tarrales Reserve. Mixed forest above 2500 m are the main habitat for Pink-headed Warblers (Ergaticus versicolor). At Cerro Tecpan we could observe a nest-attending pair.

A total of 345 bird species were recorded during this tour, of which 35 where only heard. Most exotic species were certainly the guans, parrots, hummingbirds, trogons, motmots, puffbirds, and toucans. We saw all of the six species of guans occurring in Guatemala: Horned Guan (Oreophasis derbianus) and White-bellied Chachalaca (Ortalis leucogastra) in the Los Tarrales Reserve; Plain Chachalaca (Ortalis vetula), Crested Guan (Penelope purpurascens), and Great Curassow (Crax rubra) in Tikal; and Highland Guan (Penelopina nigra) in the Chelemha Reserve. In Los Tarrales we saw a pair of Yellow-naped Parrots as well as Pacific and Orange-chinned Parakeets (Aratinga strenua and Brotogeris jugularis). Tikal was as expected outstanding for the observation of Atlantic slope parrots: Red-lored, White-fronted, and Mealy Parrot (Amazona autumnalis, A. albifrons, A. farinosa), White-crowned Parrot (Pionus senilis), and Olive-throated Parakeet (Aratinga nana). A total of 38 hummingbird species are reported for Guatemala, of which 21 were seen on this tour. We observed six trogon species, of which the Resplendent Quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno), Guatemala's national bird, is the largest species. After brief sightings of several males, females, and juveniles in upper canopy of the Chelemha cloud forest, we could observe details of an adult male through the scope. This male lost already two of the streamers.

Resplendent Quetzal
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno, 6 May 2008.

From the motmots, we could see five of seven species living in Guatemala. Chelemha offered an excellent opportunity, to observe the Blue-throated Motmot (Aspatha gularis), endemic to the mountains of northern Central America, at close range.

Blue-throated Motmot
Blue-throated Motmot Aspatha gularis, 5 May 2008.

A White-necked Puffbird (Notharchus macrorhynchos) distracted us during our observations of five different woodcreepers, Gray-headed Tanager (Eucometis penicillata), and Black-throated Shrike-Tanager (Lanio aurantius) at an army ant swarm in Tikal. We saw all of the three Guatemalan toucan species, Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus) in both the Pacific and Atlantic lowlands, Emerald Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus prasinus) in the highlands, and Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus) in Hun Nal Ye and Tikal.

Orange-breasted Falcon
Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus, 10 May 2008.

Tikal is one of best spots to see the rare Orange-breasted Falcon (Falco deiroleucus). A pair nests in cavities at the ancient Mayan pyramids. We had some good luck with rather cryptically living species. We saw Collared Forest-Falcon (Micrastur semitorquatus) in Hun Nal Ye and a Barred Forest-Falcon (Micrastur ruficollis) in Tikal. Both species live in the understory of Neotropical broadleaf forests. A Limpkin (Aramus guarauna) was at the ponds in Tikal, and two Yellow-billed Cuckoos (Coccyzus americanus) foraged on caterpillars in the forest canopy in Hun Nal Ye. A Black-and-White Owl (Ciccaba nigrolineata) was seen at its day roost in Los Tarrales.

Black-and-White Owl
Black-and-White Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata, 29 April 2008.

The timing of this tour - end of April and beginning of May - was favorable to see North American migratory birds. We observed a total of 12 northern wood-warblers. Blackburnian (Dendroica fusca) and Canada Warblers (Wilsonia canadensis) were on their way from the South American wintering grounds to their North American breeding area. All the other species we saw are wintering in Guatemala: Black-throated Green (Dendroica virens), Townsend's (D. townsendi), Yellow D. petechia), Pennsylvania (D. pensylvanica), Magnolia (D. magnolia), Tennessee (Vermivora peregrina), and Black-and-White Warbler (Mniotilta varia), as well as Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla), American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla), and Wilson's Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla).

It follows a list of all bird species observed during this tour. Nomenclature of scientific and common names follows (AOU (1998) and supplements (last supplement reviewed: AOU 2007). Species which were only heard are marked with (H).

List of observed species

  1. Great Tinamou Tinamus major
  2. Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
  3. Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula
  4. White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra
  5. Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens
  6. Highland Guan Penelopina nigra
  7. Horned Guan Oreophasis derbianus
  8. Great Curassow Crax rubra
  9. Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata
  10. Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge Dendrortyx leucophrys (H)
  11. Crested Bobwhite Colinus cristatus
  12. Spotted Wood-Quail Odontophorus guttatus (H)
  13. Singing Quail Dactylortyx thoracicus (H)
  14. Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
  15. Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
  16. Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
  17. Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum
  18. Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
  19. Great Egret Ardea alba
  20. Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
  21. Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
  22. Green Heron Butorides virescens
  23. Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
  24. Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
  25. Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
  26. White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
  27. Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
  28. Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii
  29. White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis
  30. Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus
  31. Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris (H)
  32. Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
  33. Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus
  34. Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
  35. Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
  36. Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus
  37. Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
  38. Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus
  39. Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
  40. Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
  41. Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus
  42. Ruddy Crake Laterallus ruber (H)
  43. Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea
  44. Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
  45. American Coot Fulica americana
  46. Limpkin Aramus guarauna
  47. Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa
  48. Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
  49. Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
  50. Rock Pigeon Columba livia
  51. Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa
  52. Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris
  53. Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata
  54. Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris
  55. White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
  56. Inca Dove Columbina inca
  57. Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina
  58. Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
  59. Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa
  60. White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
  61. Gray-headed Dove Leptotila plumbeiceps (H)
  62. White-faced Quail-Dove Geotrygon albifacies
  63. Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
  64. Pacific Parakeet Aratinga strenua
  65. Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana
  66. Orange-fronted Parakeet Aratinga canicularis
  67. Barred Parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola (H)
  68. Orange-chinned Parakeet Brotogeris jugularis
  69. White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis
  70. White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons
  71. Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis
  72. Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa
  73. Yellow-naped Parrot Amazona auropalliata
  74. Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
  75. Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
  76. Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia (H)
  77. Lesser Roadrunner Geococcyx velox
  78. Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris
  79. Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum (H)
  80. Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata
  81. Black-and-white Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata
  82. Fulvous Owl Strix fulvescens (H)
  83. Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis
  84. Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
  85. Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus (H)
  86. Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila
  87. White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
  88. Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi
  89. White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis
  90. Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis
  91. Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris
  92. Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis
  93. Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii
  94. Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus curvipennis
  95. Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus
  96. Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus
  97. White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora
  98. Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii
  99. Emerald-chinned Hummingbird Abeillia abeillei
  100. White-eared Hummingbird Hylocharis leucotis
  101. White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida
  102. Azure-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia cyanocephala
  103. Blue-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia cyanura
  104. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl
  105. Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila
  106. Green-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis viridipallens
  107. Amethyst-throated Hummingbird Lampornis amethystinus
  108. Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami
  109. Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens
  110. Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti
  111. Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris
  112. Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus
  113. Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus
  114. Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanus
  115. Collared Trogon Trogon collaris
  116. Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena (H)
  117. Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno
  118. Tody Motmot Hylomanes momotula
  119. Blue-throated Motmot Aspatha gularis
  120. Russet-crowned Motmot Momotus mexicanus
  121. Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota
  122. Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa
  123. Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata
  124. White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos
  125. Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
  126. Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus
  127. Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus
  128. Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
  129. Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus
  130. Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani
  131. Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons
  132. Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus
  133. Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus (H)
  134. Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus
  135. Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus
  136. Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus (H)
  137. Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
  138. Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis
  139. Rufous-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis erythrothorax
  140. Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia variegaticeps
  141. Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus
  142. Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
  143. Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina
  144. Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa
  145. Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
  146. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus (H)
  147. Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
  148. Northern Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
  149. Ivory-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus flavigaster
  150. Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius (H)
  151. Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii (H)
  152. Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis
  153. Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus
  154. Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis (H)
  155. Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis (H)
  156. Dusky Antbird Cercomacra tyrannina (H)
  157. Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis (H)
  158. Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum (H)
  159. Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata
  160. Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
  161. Mountain Elaenia Elaenia frantzii
  162. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
  163. Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
  164. Paltry Tyrannulet Zimmerius vilissimus
  165. Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare
  166. Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
  167. Eye-ringed Flatbill Rhynchocyclus brevirostris
  168. Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
  169. Stub-tailed Spadebill Platyrinchus cancrominus (H)
  170. Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus
  171. Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius sulphureipygius
  172. Tufted Flycatcher Mitrephanes phaeocercus
  173. Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
  174. Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax
  175. Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus
  176. Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens
  177. Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
  178. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
  179. White-throated Flycatcher Empidonax albigularis
  180. Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
  181. Yellowish Flycatcher Empidonax flavescens
  182. Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
  183. Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus (H)
  184. Rufous Mourner Rhytipterna holerythra
  185. Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
  186. Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
  187. Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
  188. Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
  189. Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
  190. Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris
  191. Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
  192. Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
  193. Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii
  194. Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis
  195. Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
  196. Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
  197. Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
  198. Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina (H)
  199. Gray-collared Becard Pachyramphus major
  200. Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae
  201. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata
  202. Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
  203. Lovely Cotinga Cotinga amabilis
  204. White-collared Manakin Manacus candei (H)
  205. Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis
  206. Red-capped Manakin Pipra mentalis
  207. Mangrove Vireo Vireo pallens (H)
  208. Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus
  209. Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius
  210. Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni
  211. Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys
  212. Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis
  213. Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps
  214. Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus
  215. Chestnut-sided Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius melitophrys
  216. Green Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius pulchellus
  217. Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
  218. Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri
  219. White-throated Magpie-Jay Calocitta formosa
  220. Brown Jay Cyanocorax morio
  221. Bushy-crested Jay Cyanocorax melanocyaneus
  222. Black-throated Jay Cyanolyca pumilo
  223. Sinaloa Martin Progne sinaloae
  224. Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
  225. Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea
  226. Black-capped Swallow Notiochelidon pileata
  227. Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
  228. Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
  229. Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  230. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
  231. Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus
  232. Band-backed Wren Campylorhynchus zonatus
  233. Rufous-naped Wren Campylorhynchus rufinucha
  234. Spot-breasted Wren Thryothorus maculipectus
  235. Rufous-and-white Wren Thryothorus rufalbus
  236. Plain Wren Thryothorus modestus
  237. House Wren Troglodytes aedon
  238. Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus
  239. White-bellied Wren Uropsila leucogastra
  240. White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta
  241. Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys
  242. Nightingale Wren Microcerculus philomela (H)
  243. Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus (H)
  244. White-lored Gnatcatcher Polioptila albiloris
  245. Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea
  246. Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
  247. Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis
  248. Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor (H)
  249. Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrus Catharus aurantiirostris
  250. Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush Catharus frantzii
  251. Spotted Nightingale-Thrush Catharus dryas (H)
  252. Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus
  253. Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus
  254. Black Robin Turdus infuscatus
  255. Mountain Robin Turdus plebejus
  256. Clay-colored Robin Turdus grayi
  257. White-throated Robin Turdus assimilis
  258. Rufous-collared Robin Turdus rufitorques
  259. Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus
  260. Blue-and-white Mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus
  261. Gray Silky-flycatcher Ptilogonys cinereus
  262. Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus
  263. Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina
  264. Crescent-chested Warbler Parula superciliosa
  265. Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
  266. Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
  267. Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia
  268. Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
  269. Townsend's Warbler Dendroica townsendi
  270. Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca
  271. Grace's Warbler Dendroica graciae (H)
  272. Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia
  273. American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
  274. Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla
  275. Wilson?s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
  276. Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
  277. Pink-headed Warbler Ergaticus versicolor
  278. Slate-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus
  279. Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
  280. Rufous-capped Warbler Basileuterus rufifrons
  281. Golden-browed Warbler Basileuterus belli
  282. Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
  283. Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus
  284. Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata
  285. Black-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio aurantius
  286. Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
  287. Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda
  288. Summer Tanager Piranga rubra
  289. Flame-colored Tanager Piranga bidentata
  290. White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera
  291. Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
  292. Passerini's Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii
  293. Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus
  294. Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas
  295. Azure-rumped Tanager Tangara cabanisi
  296. Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata
  297. Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
  298. Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
  299. Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
  300. Variable Seedeater Sporophila americana
  301. White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola
  302. Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus
  303. Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula
  304. White-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes albinucha
  305. Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Buarremon brunneinucha
  306. Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris
  307. Green-backed Sparrow Arremonops chloronotus
  308. Prevost's Ground-Sparrow Melozone biarcuata
  309. White-eared Ground-Sparrow Melozone leucotis
  310. Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus
  311. Stripe-headed Sparrow Aimophila ruficauda
  312. Rusty Sparrow Aimophila rufescens
  313. Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
  314. Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus
  315. Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens
  316. Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
  317. Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps
  318. Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster
  319. Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
  320. Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides (H)
  321. Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea
  322. Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
  323. Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
  324. Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
  325. Melodious Blackbird Dives dives
  326. Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
  327. Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus
  328. Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
  329. Black-vented Oriole Icterus wagleri
  330. Bar-winged Oriole Icterus maculialatus
  331. Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus
  332. Spot-breasted Oriole Icterus pectoralis
  333. Altamira Oriole Icterus gularis
  334. Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
  335. Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus
  336. Chestnut-headed Oropendola Psarocolius wagleri
  337. Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma
  338. Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis
  339. Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea
  340. Elegant Euphonia Euphonia elegantissima
  341. Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi
  342. Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis
  343. Lesser Goldfinch Carduelis psaltria
  344. Hooded Grosbeak Coccothraustes abeillei
  345. House Sparrow Passer domesticus


AOU (1998) The American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. 7th edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

AOU (2007) Forty-eighth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. Auk 124: 1109-1115.


"A birding tour how it should be!"
Hartmut Meyer, Hohenstein-Ernstthal.

"This tour was tailor-made by Cayaya Birding for members of the Saxon Ornithologist's Association. I joined this tour to see the birds of this Central American country, but also to meet land and people. This tour will remain an unforgettable nice experience for me! Knut Eisermann, originating from Chemnitz, has become an expert on the birds of Guatemala during his more than 10 years living in the country. Together with Claudia Avendaño he conducts bird research throughout the country. All bird observations during this tour were accompanied by competent explanations on the differentiation of similar species and their distribution."
Dieter Kronbach, Limbach-Oberfrohna.

"This tour was very well organized with an excellent selection of hotels, restaurants, and of course the different bird habitats. It was impressive, how safely our target species were found."
Dr. Klaus Fabian, Dresden.

Trip report by Knut Eisermann

White-bellied Chachalaca
White-bellied Chachalaca Ortalis leucogastra, 30 April 2008.
Crested Guan
Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens, 10 May 2008.
Great Curassow
Great Curassow Crax rubra, 10 May 2008.
Ocellated Turkey
Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata, 10 May 2008.
Pied-billed Grebe
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps, 9 May 2008.
Little Blue Heron
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea, 8 May 2008.
Barred Forest-falcon
Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis, 10 May 2008.
Spotted Sandpiper
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius, 30 April 2008.
Band-tailed Pigeon
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata, 5 May 2008.
Short-billed Pigeon
Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris, 8 May 2008.
Olive-throated Parakeet
Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana, 11 May 2008.
White-crowned Parrot
White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis, 8 May 2008.
Red-lored Parrot
Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis, 10 May 2008.
Yellow-naped Parrot
Yellow-naped Parrot Amazona auropalliata, 30 April 2008.
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus, 8 May 2008.
Garnet-throated Hummingbird
Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami, 6 May 2008.
Magnificent Hummingbird
Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens, 6 May 2008.
Black-headed Trogon
Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus, 11 May 2008.
Violaceous Trogon
Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus, 10 May 2008.
Mountain Trogon
Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanus, 6 May 2008.
Russet-crowned Motmot
Russet-crowned Motmot Momotus mexicanus, 3 May 2008.
White-necked Puffbird
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos, 10 May 2008.
Emerald Toucanet
Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus, 2 May 2008.
Collared Aracari
Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus, 10 May 2008.
Golden-fronted Woodpecker
Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons, 10 May 2008.
Lineated Woodpecker
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus, 11 May 2008.
Ruddy Woodcreeper
Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa, 10 May 2008.
Northern Barred Woodcreeper
Northern Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae, 10 May 2008.
Royal Flycatcher
Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus, 10 May 2008.
Red-capped Manakin
Red-capped Manakin Pipra mentalis, 8 May 2008.
Brown-backed Solitaire
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis, 5 May 2008.
Black Robin
Black Robin Turdus infuscatus, 5 May 2008.
Rufous-collared Robin
Rufous-collared Robin Turdus rufitorques, 5 May 2008.
Pink-headed Warbler
Pink-headed Warbler Ergaticus versicolor, 1 May 2008.
White-eared Ground-Sparrow
White-eared Ground-Sparrow Melozone leucotis, 28 April 2008.
Rusty Sparrow
Rusty Sparrow Aimophila rufescens, 8 May 2008.
Yellow-eyed Junco
Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus, 1 May 2008.
Giant Cowbird
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzovorus, 11 May 2008.
Altamiraoriole Icterus gularis, 3 May 2008.
Hooded Grosbeak
Hooded Grosbeak Coccothraustes abeillei, 29 April 2008.

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