Christmas Bird Count: Tikal 2011

Compilers: Knut Eisermann & Claudia Avendaño

A total of 17 observers in 5 groups gathered for the sixth Christmas Bird Count in the Tikal National park, conducted on 14 December 2011. Weather was favorable, with cloud cover 0-100% with short soft rain showers and little or no wind.

CBC Tikal 2011.

A total of 1935 birds of 171 species was recorded. In addition, four more species were observed during the count week. The most abundant species with at least 25 detected individuals were (in descending order of abundance): Montezuma Oropendola, Magnolia Warbler, Brown Jay, White-crowned Parrot, Lesser Greenlet, Keel-billed Toucan, Red-lored Parrot, Wood Thrush, Mealy Parrot, American Redstart, Gray Catbird, Northern Bentbill, Thrush-like Schiffornis, Melodious Blackbird, Pale-billed Woodpecker, Masked Tityra, Yellow-throated Euphonia, Collared Aracari, Spot-breasted Wren, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Social Flycatcher, and Black-and-white Warbler.

Noteworthy was a Crested Eagle which was seen near the center of the archeological site, two Swainson's Warblers, two Lovely Cotingas, and a Gray-headed Kite. Two Orange-breasted Falcons were seen in Tikal's center.

The Tikal National Park is part of the Maya-Lacandon Important Bird Area (IBA GT001) and this Christmas Bird Count helps to monitor bird populations in this IBA.

It follows a list of species and numbers of individuals recorded during the sixth Christmas Bird Count in Tikal (Nomenclature according to AOU 1998 and supplements, most recent update AOU 2011). Species recorded during the count week are marked with (cw).

  1. Great Tinamou Tinamus major 2
  2. Slaty-breasted Tinamou Crypturellus boucardi 1
  3. Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula 19
  4. Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens 16
  5. Ocellated Turkey Meleagris ocellata 14
  6. Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum 1
  7. Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias 2
  8. Green Heron Butorides virescens 5
  9. Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius 5
  10. Black Vulture Coragyps atratus 6
  11. Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura 8
  12. King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa 4
  13. Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis 1
  14. White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis 1
  15. Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris 10
  16. Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis 1
  17. Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus 1
  18. Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis 2
  19. Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus 2
  20. Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans 2
  21. Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis 6
  22. Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus 2
  23. Ruddy Crake Laterallus ruber 4
  24. Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea 1
  25. Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica 1
  26. Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa 2
  27. Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis 1
  28. Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris 7
  29. Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa 1
  30. White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi 1
  31. Gray-headed Dove Leptotila plumbeiceps 2
  32. Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana 1
  33. Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana 2
  34. Brown-hooded Parrot Pyrilia haematotis 17
  35. White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis 50
  36. White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons 9
  37. Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis 44
  38. Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa 38
  39. Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana 22
  40. Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus 1
  41. Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae 1
  42. Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata 9
  43. Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis 3
  44. White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris 3
  45. Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi 1
  46. Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis 4
  47. Long-billed Hermit Phaethornis longirostris 1
  48. Stripe-throated Hermit Phaethornis striigularis 10
  49. Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus curvipennis 1
  50. Canivet's Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii cw
  51. White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida 5
  52. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl 11
  53. Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti 16
  54. Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena 8
  55. Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus 17
  56. Gartered Trogon Trogon caligatus 5
  57. Collared Trogon Trogon collaris 2
  58. Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota 11
  59. Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata 1
  60. Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon 1
  61. Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda 10
  62. Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus 26
  63. Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus 48
  64. Golden-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes aurifrons 6
  65. Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus 3
  66. Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus 6
  67. Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus 9
  68. Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus 7
  69. Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis 29
  70. Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus cw
  71. Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis 6
  72. Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis 2
  73. Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis 10
  74. Scaly-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus guatemalensis 4
  75. Plain Xenops Xenops minutus 7
  76. Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina 13
  77. Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa 10
  78. Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus 25
  79. Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus 1
  80. Northern Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae 4
  81. Ivory-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus flavigaster 14
  82. Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum 1
  83. Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe 4
  84. Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata 5
  85. Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus 3
  86. Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus 1
  87. Northern Bentbill Oncostoma cinereigulare 33
  88. Eye-ringed Flatbill Rhynchocyclus brevirostris 16
  89. Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens 12
  90. Stub-tailed Spadebill Platyrinchus cancrominus 19
  91. Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus 6
  92. Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus 2
  93. Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius sulphureipygius 7
  94. Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris 8
  95. Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus 4
  96. Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus 14
  97. Yucatan Flycatcher Myiarchus yucatanensis cw
  98. Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer 18
  99. Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus 9
  100. Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus 7
  101. Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus 1
  102. Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua 14
  103. Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis 25
  104. Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus 6
  105. Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii 1
  106. Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina 32
  107. Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata 29
  108. Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor 1
  109. Lovely Cotinga Cotinga amabilis 2
  110. White-collared Manakin Manacus candei 1
  111. Red-capped Manakin Pipra mentalis 18
  112. White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus 23
  113. Mangrove Vireo Vireo pallens 1
  114. Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons 13
  115. Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps 8
  116. Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus 49
  117. Brown Jay Psilorhinus morio 61
  118. Green Jay Cyanocorax yncas 1
  119. Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis 17
  120. Spot-breasted Wren Thryothorus maculipectus 26
  121. Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus 2
  122. White-bellied Wren Uropsila leucogastra 4
  123. White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta 13
  124. Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus 13
  125. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea 8
  126. Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea 2
  127. Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus 1
  128. Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina 42
  129. Clay-colored Thrush Turdus grayi 1
  130. White-throated Thrush Turdus assimilis 1
  131. Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis 35
  132. Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla 5
  133. Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum 10
  134. Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla 3
  135. Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis 6
  136. Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera 1
  137. Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera 5
  138. Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia 25
  139. Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii 2
  140. Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina 1
  141. Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa 18
  142. Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas 3
  143. Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina 22
  144. American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla 36
  145. Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia 63
  146. Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia 1
  147. Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica 6
  148. Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata 1
  149. Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica 1
  150. Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens 13
  151. Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus 6
  152. Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla 6
  153. Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens 6
  154. Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata 2
  155. Black-throated Shrike-Tanager Lanio aurantius 15
  156. Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas 6
  157. Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps 2
  158. White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola 5
  159. Green-backed Sparrow Arremonops chloronotus 2
  160. Rose-throated Tanager Piranga roseogularis 2
  161. Summer Tanager Piranga rubra 13
  162. Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica 15
  163. Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda 23
  164. Gray-throated Chat Granatellus sallaei cw
  165. Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides 1
  166. Blue Bunting Cyanocompsa parellina 3
  167. Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea 1
  168. Melodious Blackbird Dives dives 30
  169. Black-cowled Oriole Icterus prosthemelas 10
  170. Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula 4
  171. Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus 2
  172. Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma 228
  173. Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis 2
  174. Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea 28
  175. Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi 13

References

AOU (1998) The American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. 7th edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

AOU (2011) Fifty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. Auk 128: 600-613.


To see results of all Christmas Bird Counts throughout the Americas visit http://birds.audubon.org/christmas-bird-count.


CBC Tikal 2011
Team of the 2011 Christmas Bird Count in Tikal National Park.

Sponsors of the Christmas Bid Count in Tikal 2010


Participants of the Sixth Christmas Bird Count in Tikal, 2011.

List of participants (group leaders in bold-face): Claudia Avendaño, John Cahill, Peter Cahill, Robert Cahill, Ruth Cahill, Tara Cahill, Mirtha Cano, Marcial Córdova, Melvin Córdova, Knut Eisermann, Josué García, Luis Garma, Estuardo Hernández, Roan McNab, Marcos Rempet, Melvin Rivera, Alejandro Sagone.
Compiler: Knut Eisermann. Secondary compiler: Claudia Avendaño.


Images from the sixth Christmas Bird Count in Tikal

Christmas Bird Count Tikal
Satellite image of northeastern Petén. The Christmas Bird Count Tikal (white circle) samples bird communities of the largest Neotropical forest north of the Amazon basin. The CBC circle includes tall broadleaf forest, scrub swamp forest, forest edge, open habitat, lagoons, and creeks.
Yucatan Flycatcher
Yucatan Flycatcher
Gartered Trogon
Gartered Trogon
Mottled Owl (Mexican Wood Owl)
Mottled Owl
Orange-breasted Falcon
Orange-breasted Falcon
Gray-headed Kite
Gray-headed Kite
Lovely Cotinga
Lovely Cotinga
Gray-throated Chat
Gray-throated Chat
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron
Brown Jay
Brown Jay

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